Work like you don't need the money. Love like you've never been hurt. Dance like nobody's watching.

-Satchel Paige

I do my very best to stay of the political fray, but I did a double take when our tax attorney passed along a note about the proposed GOP Tax Bill, as it may affect many of the folks we work with.

Capitalization of capital gain / ordinary income
musical composition is viewed by the IRS...from capital gains to ordinary income. Urm, that is a lot of money.
Now, the details..

Many composers (and music self-publishers) rely on the fact that a sale of substantially all of their rights in a music composition(s) can produce capital gain, not ordinary income. But the GOP’s recently unveiled tax bill could change all that. The provisions do not kick in until 2018. In that sense, they could even impact those who are able to complete their transactions before the end of 2017.

To be clear, only individuals and pass-through entities (S corporations, partnerships and limited liability companies) benefit from capital gain. C corporations don't.

Income derived from ordinary royalties is considered ordinary income and taxed accordingly. However, the sale of one's interest in a musical composition has, until now, been able to be considered capital gain, assuming the appropriate election is filed.

Starting on January 1, 2018, it looks like this rule could be changed. It might make some sales look more attractive in 2017 v. 2018.

Here are the proposed provisions:

Sec. 3311. Certain self-created property not treated as a capital asset.

Current law: Under current law, a self-created patent, invention, model or design (whether or not patented), or secret formula or process is treated as a capital asset. However, the following self-created property is not treated as a capital asset: copyrights; literary, musical or artistic compositions; and letters or memoranda. Any gain or loss recognized as a result of the sale, exchange, or other disposition of such property is generally ordinary in character. The creator of musical compositions or copyrights in musical works, however, may elect to treat such property as a capital asset.

Provision: Under the provision, gain or loss from the disposition of a self-created patent, invention, model or design (whether or not patented), or secret formula or process would be ordinary in character. This would be consistent with the treatment of copyrights under current law. In addition, the election to treat musical compositions and copyrights in musical works as a capital asset would be repealed. The provision would be effective for dispositions of such property after 2017. JCT estimate: According to JCT, the provision would increase revenues by $0.5 billion over 2018-2027.

Tax Cuts and Jobs Act Summary Text
Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA) Full Bill Text:
Section 3311 can be found on page 248

(b) SELF-CREATED MUSICAL WORKS.—Section 8 1221(b) is amended by striking paragraph (3) and redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph (3).

Cited in the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act: 26 U.S. Code § 1221
(b) 3 - Capital asset defined

(3) Sale or exchange of self-created musical works

At the election of the taxpayer, paragraphs (1) and (3) of subsection (a) shall not apply to musical compositions or copyrights in musical works sold or exchanged by a taxpayer described in subsection (a)(3).

I, Aaron, was made aware of this provision by my tax attorney, researched and wrote the content above with his guidance and editing, and believe it to be a concern. However, I am not a tax professional and you should consult your own to be sure of things you read on the internet.

If you need an exceptional tax attorney, you may want to consider Rob Wood.

Full disclosure: We employ his firm's services in navigating our own tax challenges and get nothing more than a thank you if you decide to work with him. In the spirit of full disclosure, we employ his firm's services in navigating our own tax challenges and get nothing more than a thank you from Rob's firm if you decide to work with him.

Who is Exploration?

Exploration is proud to be the company of choice to administer much of the world’s most important media. Utilizing competent staff and advanced technology, our clients are able to better control their data and collect their money.

We’re writing a free book on how the music business works. Learn more.

The catalog metadata template offers the minimum viable data needed to collect publishing royalties. Download the .csv file here.

Please feel free to reach out anytime if you have any questions or ideas!

Hope you have a great weekend!



171 Pier Ave., #251
Santa Monica, CA 90405